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Citations and References

Citation and Reference Formatting

Citation and reference formatting includes checking that in-text citations, footnotes or endnotes, and bibliography or reference list entries conform to your chosen style guide:

  • All elements are present and in the correct order for that source type.

  • All elements are correctly styled and punctuated.

  • All sources cited in the text are listed in the bibliography or reference list, and all sources listed in the bibliography or reference list are cited in the text.

This service includes formatting the citations and references to conform to the style guide. I’ll flag issues for you to address, such as missing or conflicting information.

Reference Checking

I can also provide more in-depth verification and correction of reference information:

  • Check and correct verifiable elements of the source citations and bibliography/reference list entries (title, author, publisher, etc.).

  • Fill in missing reference information where possible.

  • Flag other missing information for the author to provide, for example when editor does not have access to the source.

Referencing Styles

I work with references in these styles:

  • The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition (CMOS 17)

  • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition (APA 7)

  • A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 9th edition (Turabian 9)

  • client-provided custom styles

Ready to move forward?

I would love to hear about your project and goals, then show you how I can help you reach them. Use the contact form below to get started—or just to ask for more information. I can't wait to read what you've written and help you get it ready for its readers!

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